Religion

Aztec people sacrificed other people to please their gods. The Aztec adults would collect tears from the children to please the god of Rain. Victims of sacrifice were usually prisoners of war, but sometimes an Aztec would volunteer to participate in the ritual. A priest would lay a prisoner acossed a stone table on the part of the god that they were sacrificed to( each Aztec god had its own part of the stone table). The priest would cut out the heart with a flint knife while it was still beating. The priest would hold the heart up in the air, so all the Aztecs could see it, then throw it into the religous fire.

The Great Speakers

The Aztecs were divided into small family groups called calpollis. Each had a head man who represented the group whenever decisions had to be made. The head men of the calpollis of noble families made up a council that elected a ruler called the Huey Hatoanni, which means Great Speaker. He was a nobleman who had been trained as a priest, but he also had to be brave warrior because fighting was such and important part of Aztec life. The Great Speaker also led his people to war. The Aztecs were constantly at war with neighboring peoples. They fought battles to capture people rather than kill them, in order to provide victims to their gods.
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Sacrifices
Human sacrifices were the most important part of Aztec religion. The Aztec people believed that the heart and blood of victims kept their gods strong and powerful, making them able to protect the people and cause their crops to grow and produse food. They also thought that when a brave warrior would be sacrificed, his strength would go to their warriors. Most victims were captured enemies, but at some ceremonies Aztec men, women, and even children were sacrificed. The biggest sacrifice the Aztecs ever had was in the reign of Montezuma II when 12,000 enemy soldiers were sacrificed at once. Every morning each person made a small sacrifice by pricking a finger or an earlobe, and letting a drop of blood fall into the ground.

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This is the Aztec Flint knife used in human sacrifices to cut the heart out of the human sacrifice.


Gods:



Lord of Duality (Ometecuhtli)
Lady of Duality (Omecihuatl)
God of Wind (Quetzalcoah)
God of Rain (Tlaloc)The rain god Tlaloc was believed to prefer children as sacrifices.God of Water (Chalchiuhlicue)
God of the Sun (Tonatiuh)The god of the Sun is also believed to be the god of War.Young Man’s God (Xochipilli)
Warrior God (Huitzilopochtli)
God of Dead (Mictlantecuhtli)


Games

In TLACHTLI, each team tried to knock a hard rubber ball, made from tree sap, into a small doughnut-shaped hoop in the middle of the ball court. Most of the game consisted of players hitting the ball back and forth to each other. They could hit the ball with any part of their bodies except their hands. The team that hit the ball through the hoop won. Crowds didn't boo the umpire and eat hot dogs back then, but they did come out to cheer and bet on the games.
Rich nobles enjoyed another gambling game called PATOLLI. It was a lot like the game of Parcheesi. It was played with pebbles on a game board or mat. Players used four dried beans marked with white dots for numbers as dice. Players took turns throwing the beans to move six pebbles on the board. A player could gamble away his shirt, his hoem, or even himself into slavery!
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This is the court for TLACHTLI.

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This is the Aztec game board for the game PATOLLI