Shelter


The Aztecs did not stop and built their city, until they saw an eagle on top of a cactus, eating a snake. The Aztecs lived all the way from the border of Mexico and the U.S.A., all the way down to Guatemala!!! They had tons of gold, so they made artwork out of gold. They also moved from the ice bridge at the top of Russia to Alaska, then they walked all the way down to Mexico!! When the Aztecs got to Mexico, it was a swampland, and they turned it into dirt! The swampland was actually a little island on top of a lake!!!
Clothing

Aztec clothes were usually made from fiber from the maguey plant. Only the rich could have cotton. Their clothing were often brightly colored and beautifully embroidered. An Aztec's clothes reflected how old he was, and what his position was in society. Ordinary tribesmen wore a simple loincloth called a maxtli adn a cape over one shoulder. The head man of a calpolli had a brighter cape. Warriors wore ornate feather headdresses, and some wore costumes made to look like jaguars or eagles. The Great Speaker wore golden sandals. Women wore a skirt wrapped aroung their waists and tied with a belt. On top they wore jewelry made from jade, emeralds and opals. They also wore a lot of bright make-up; yellow and red for the women adn black, white, and blue for the men.

At Home

Poor Aztecs lived in small, one-room houses, which were made from branches glued with mud. The roofs were thatched. Town houses, owned by more wealthy people, were usually bigger. They were often bigger. They were often built on raised platforms and had walls made volcanic stone, which is easy to carve and shape. The walls were then covered with cement made from limestone, which made the outside of the house white and shiny! Several rooms opened on to an internal courtyard. Instead of a bathroom, many houses had a separate sweat-room. These were built from stone, which could be heated by building fires around the outside walls. Inside, the Aztecs would splash water onto the hot walls to make them steam. A person would stay inside until he began to sweat, then dash out and plunge into the nearest stream or pool. The Aztecs had little furniture. They slept on mats in the corners of the room and sat on straw cushions during the day. The focus of the room was the fireplace, where all the cooking was done. It was also used as a shrine to Xiuhtectuhtli.

Learning

Aztec children were mostly taught at home by their parents. All boys had to go to school run by their calpolli where they learned how to become warriors. Girls did not have to go to school. There were also temple schools where boys of noble families could learn the duties of a priest and girls could learn to be temple assistants or healers.

Writing

The Aztecs did not use letters to write as we do. Instead they used pictograms, which use pictures to represent a word. Several could be joined together to make a sentence. This form of writing was very simple and was used mainly for records, although some history books and religious books were written using pictograms.

Famland

Aztec tools were very simple. There were no ploughs and the main tool was a small digging stick. The Aztecs used it to dig trenches to plant the seeds in. There were two types of farmland. Some Aztec farmers cleared a small part of the land or forest by burning down the vegetation. They would then plant crops in the fertile ashes. After a few years, when the land became less fertile, they would move on to burn another area. Around Tenochtitlan, the Aztecs dug up fertile mud from the lake bottom and heaped it on top of woven plant material to make little islands. On these they planted their crops. The islands were called chinampas or floating gardens.